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ICOS Afghanistan reports are supported by extensive in-country field research, focusing on the southern provinces of Kandahar and Helmand.
ICOS field teams conduct interviews with Afghan citizens in key districts, assessing their attitudes towards the international presence, the insurgency, the Afghan government and other key subjects. These interviews provide a unique illustration of the perceptions of ordinary Afghans towards vital security and development issues.
Five years after their removal from power: The Taliban are back
Taliban Frontline now cuts half-way through Afghanistan
US and UK led failed counter-narcotics policies are responsible
Humanitarian crisis hits southern Afghanistan – extreme poverty, drought and hundreds of thousands starving in south
After five years, the United States-led international reconstruction mission has failed Afghanistan and its people. An all-military approach and aggressive poppy crop
Canada in Kandahar: No Peace to Keep – A Case Study of the Military Coalitions in Southern Afghanistan (June 2006)
Canadian troops are paying with their lives for Canada’s adherence to the US government’s failing military and counter-narcotics policies in the Kandahar province of Afghanistan said ICOS, an international security and development think tank. ICOS warned in a Report released today that the US-led counter-terrorist operations under Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and aggressive large-scale crop eradication have significantly contributed to the current war situation that
Integrated Social Control in Afghanistan Implications for the Licensed Cultivation of Poppy for the Production of Medicines (June 2006)
Ali Wardak / ICOS
Effective control lies at the very heart of a fully functioning poppy licensing system. This paper presents an analysis of how such control might be attained. It is clear that formal, state governance structures alone are insufficient to propagate effective, nationwide control. Rather, effective control of a poppy licensing system can only be achieved through the integration of traditional, local governance with and
Helmand at War The changing nature of insurgency in Southern Afghanistan and its effects on the future of the country (June 2006)
In the localised province of Helmand, insurgency patterns have undergone a substantial shift from disturbances to open warfare. For the local population, the insurgents have now become the de facto established power holders. People affiliated with every side of the conflict have been interviewed, providing unique insights into the reality of life in Helmand. A complex set of factors have been identified as the main
The Afghanistan Insurgency Assessment Report, released on 7 April 2006, warns of increased violence in the southern provinces of Helmand, Kandahar and Nangarhar where the majority of foreign troops are deployed.
Impact Assessment of Crop Eradication in Afghanistan and Lessons Learned from Latin America and Southeast Asia (January 2006)
This Phase Two paper of the Feasibility Study On Opium Licensing in Afghanistan for the Production of Morphine and Other Essential Medicines assesses the impact of current and future eradication efforts in Afghanistan while drawing parallels with the impact of similar policies already carried out in South East Asian and Latin America. It argues that forced eradication has a devastating effect on Afghanistan’s environment, creates social unrest
Feasibility Study on Opium Licensing in Afghanistan for the Production of Morphine and Other Essential Medicines (September 2005)
The initial findings in this Feasibility Study mark the first phase of an academic investigation into the methods and implications of licensing opium production in Afghanistan for the production of morphine and other ‘essential medicines’ . The scope and complexity of this undertaking has demanded an examination through the lens of a number of academic disciplines: pharmacology, agriculture, medicine, sociology, politics, economics and law.